Web Hosting Glossary

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Web Hosting Glossary "r"
  • RAID - (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) A collection of storage disks with a controller (or controllers) to manage the storage of data on the disks.  
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  • RAM - (random access memory) the most common computer memory which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on; an integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible.  
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  • Raw Log Files - A simple text file that contains all the requests made to a site and the origin of that request; every web page, image, script etc. request is recorded, along with the IP address of the person/system that requested it. Each requested element is entered on a single line. Log files are invaluable tools for determining traffic and also for tracking problems and security breaches.  
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  • Read-only - Attribute that can be assigned to a disk file or a disk drive. When assigned to a file, the Read-Only attribute allows you to read from that file but not write to it. When assigned to a drive, the Read-Only attribute allows you to read any file on the disk, but prevents you from adding a new file, erasing or changing a file, renaming a file, or writing on the disk. The STAT command can set a file or a drive to Read-Only. Every file and drive is either Read-Only or Read-Write.
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  • Real Player - Real Player is a media player, created by Real Networks, that plays a number of multimedia formats including multiple generations of RealAudio and Real Video codecs as well as MP3, MPEG-4, QuickTime, etc.  
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  • Recalculate - Calculate anew; "The costs had to be recalculated"  
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  • Record - A collection of data items or fields treated as one unit.  
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  • Redundancy - The duplication of information or hardware equipment components to ensure that should a primary resource fail, a secondary resource can take over its function.  
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  • Referrer - An URL a visitor originated from to get you your site that contains a link to your site. If the visitor followed a link to reach one of your pages, the referrer will be the previous page. In the case of a graphic on a page, the referrer will be the page containing the graphic.  
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  • Refresh - The process of rewriting, recharging or updating the data sent to a specific device, such as a monitor or RAM.  
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  • Register - (Domain Name) (Domain Name) Since every domain is unique, registries have been set up to assign domains to individuals and organizations. When a domain is registered with the appropriate registry, that domain is assigned and becomes no longer available for anyone else to use.  
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  • Registered Agent - A corporation s registered agent is the person appointed to accept legal documents on behalf of the corporation. If someone sues you, the papers will be served on the registered agent at the “registered office.” Some states use the term “resident” agent.  
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  • Registered Office - The statutory address of a corporation. In states requiring the appointment of a Registered Agent, it is usually the address of the Registered Agent.  
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  • Registrant - (Domain Name) A registrant is the person, or entity, that holds the right to use a third-level domain within the .nz name space (e.g. dnc.org.nz). Often referred to as the name holder.  
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  • Registrar - (Domain Name) Means the person or organization responsible for the system that registers End Users and issues them with End User Licenses. Most popular registrars are GoDaddy, Networksolutions and Enom.
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  • Registration Service Provider - (RSP) Under the OpenSRS model, the Registration Service Provider resells domain names through OpenSRS and sells them to individuals or businesses. RSPs are generally Internet based service providers, either running a domain registration business as a 'value add' to their core business, or in some cases, as their core business. RSPs also provide all technical support to domain registrants.  
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  • Registry - A data base that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information, user preferences and setup information.  
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  • Reload - In computers, to reload is to start a program over again, usually because it has crashed or because it has begun to display aberrant behavior. When the program is closed and reopened, settings generally revert to default values and the problem is usually solved. However, sometimes the problems are caused by entities outside the program, in which case the programming adage "If all else fails, reboot" applies. Reload is also sometimes used to mean reinstall.
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  • Renewal - (Domain Name) When the original domain name registration period is over the owner will be given the opportunity to renew the domain name for subsequent years. This is called a renewal, and is done through the registrant’s current registrar.  
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  • Reseller Hosting - Reseller hosting is a form of web hosting wherein the account owner may split up their allotted hard drive space and bandwidth and resell web hosting.  
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  • Resolution - The number of pixels in an image. The more pixels, the higher the resolution. The higher the resolution, the better the picture. (A pixel, by the way, is a colored dot.)  
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  • Resolve - Translation of an Internet Name into its equivalent IP address. 
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  • Reverse lookup - Generally speaking, a reverse lookup is the reverse of what is a typical query for a given context.  
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  • RFC - The Requests for Comments (RFCs) form a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss many aspects of computer communication, focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts but also including meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes humor. RFCs are available at http://www.ietf.org/rfc/.  
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  • ROM - Read Only Memory, used for primary instructions in many Computer Peripherals and CPU´s Firmware. There instructions can be upgraded from a computer.  
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  • Root - ROOT is a powerful object oriented data analysis package developed by CERN to replace earlier packages (which include PAW, CERNLIB). ROOT is written in C++, on an ad hoc platform that provides a graphical user interface, container classes, reflection, and a command line interpreter (CINT). The packages provided by ROOT include those for histogram Ming, curve fitting (regression analysis), minimization of functional, matrix algebra, four-vector computations.
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  • Root access - On many computer operating systems, super user is the term used for the special user account that is controlled by the system administrator.  
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  • Root Server - A machine that has the software and data needed to locate name servers that contain authoritative data for the top-level domains (e.g., root servers know which name servers contain authoritative data for com, net, ch, uk, etc.). The root servers are, in fact, name servers and contain authoritative data for the very top of the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy. Currently, technical specifications limit the number of root servers to 13. ...  
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  • Root web - The FrontPage web that is provided by the server by default. To access the root web, you supply the URL of the server without specifying a page name. FrontPage is installed with a default root web named . The root FrontPage web contains all FrontPage webs.  
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  • Router - A device or setup that finds the best route between any two networks, even if there are several networks to traverse. Like bridges, remote sites can be connected using routers over dedicated or switched lines to create WANs.  
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